Naturopath in Abbotsford - The kidneys are organs inside the body that have several functions. They are vital parts of the urinary system. The kidneys also maintain the acid-base balance, serving homeostatic functions like for example the regulation of electrolytes and maintaining the water and salt balance helps in the blood pressure regulation. The kidneys serve the body by eliminating wastes and redirecting them to the urinary bladder. The kidneys act essentially as the blood's natural filter.
When producing urine, the kidneys help excrete wastes such as ammonium and urea from the body. They are even responsible for reabsorbing glucose, water and amino acids. The kidneys produce different hormones as well like for instance: the enzyme rennin, erythropoietin and calcitrol.
The kidneys are located within the retro peritoneum at the rear of the abdominal cavity. The kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney then excretes urine into a ureter. This is a tube-like paired structure that releases into the urinary bladder.
The study of Nephrology is the field in medicine which is concerned with diseases of the kidney. Kidney functioning is the study describe in renal physiology. People with kidney disease usually exhibit characteristic clinical features like for instance renal cysts, chronic kidney disease, nephritic and nephritic syndromes, urinary tract obstruction, nephrolithiasis and acute kidney injury.
There are cancers of the kidney which currently exist, with renal cell carcinoma being the most popular renal cancer. Many cancers, renal conditions and cysts can be managed with kidney removal, likewise known as nephrectomy. Kidney transplantation and kidney dialysis are some treatment options when renal function, which is measured by glomerular filtration rate is constantly poor.
Kidney stones are often painful and can be a nuisance until dealt with, however they are not really harmful. Treatments making use of waves of sound can help to break up the stones into smaller pieces so that they are more easily passed through the urinary tract. Sharp pain within the lateral and median parts of the lower back is amongst the main signs.
In the body, the kidney is important part of homeostasis. Their responsibilities include the balancing acids-base, regulation of electrolyte concentrations, regulation of the volume of extracellular fluid and blood pressure regulation. The kidney functions both independently and along with other organs in order to do these important jobs. The kidneys work directly along with the endocrine system and many endocrine hormones coordinate these functions including: aldosterone, rennin, angiotensin II plus others.
The majority of the functions that the kidney carries out is done by rather basic mechanisms of secretion, reabsorption and filtration, that happens within the kidney nephron. Filtration would usually occur in the renal corpuscle. This is the method wherein big cells and proteins are filtered from the blood to make an ultra-filtrate. This particular substance ultimately becomes urine. The kidney produces approximately 180 litres of filtrate on a daily basis. They reabsorb a large percentage of the filtrate and generate approximately only 2 litres of urine on a daily basis. Reabsorption is the term for the transportation of molecules from this ultra-filtrate into the blood. Conversely, secretion is the opposite method, wherein molecules are transported in the opposite direction, from the blood into the urine.
Excretion of Wastes
The kidneys are responsible for emitting numerous wastes from the body that are generated by metabolism. These nitrogenous wastes comprise uric acid from nucleic acid metabolism and urea from protein catabolism.
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